Innovate, Converge, Govern.
Land Acquisition, development, growth, economy and ecology can all live in harmony if the Governments can focus seriously on out of the box reforms and innovation in Governance.
For example, I feel if the Indian Government was to acquire non active farm land to create smart nature conservation parks managed by private public partnerships, it would boost tourism, economy, ecology, psychographics across the board and probably meet with lesser resistance from all concerned. Ofcourse, pay the farmers good market rate and give them a small share in future revenues from such nature park projects.
Space for businesses and even factories can be provided in cities and small towns by going full blown vertical everywhere (mostly untapped so far) with new innovative adapted technology, renewable energy for operations and waste management. Offer them tax sops for adopting those.
India has a huge availability of natural resources like rains, Sun, wind and most of it is going to waste. Most of our cities and b, c towns are not being utilized for maximum vertical growth, especially for commercial business or manufacturing sector. We are not researching, developing and adapting innovative and alternative technologies on a large scale to meet local conditions and needs. We have the best brains and man power capable of delivering on all this.
This kind of formula could bring modernization and economic boost everywhere without harming the ecology or drastically changing the social, cultural or geographical landscape. Innovation in a society can spread faster if the Government can lead by example.
Yes, this will bear fruits in the long term but no good Governance ignores long term benefits for short term gains.
We must not blindly follow the western modal of development. That was good for them at that time. Today, that kind of lopsided development of industry at the cost of ecology will result in disasters which in turn will bleed economy.
Convergence should be the key word for all future economies and societies. Create a vision that converges interests of all sectors at the same time and addresses multiple challenges, be it economic or environmental.